Astronomers have discovered that a small W boson subdivision appears to be heavier by 0.1 percent — a slight difference that would indicate a major change in the essential science.
The measure, which was reported on April 7 in the magazine Science, comes from the vulture eagle at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory in Batavia, Illinois, which broke its last proton ten years ago. About 400 members of the Collider Detector at Fermilab (CDF) have agreed to continue analyzing coll W Wonsons, called Tevatron, to chase down hundreds of erroneous sources to reach unprecedented levels.
If the multiplication of W compared to regular predictions can be self-determined, the discovery could mean the presence of particles or forces and could lead to a major rewrite of the laws of quantum physics in half a century.
“This could be a complete change in the way we look at the world,” perhaps competing with the 2012 presence of the Higgs boson in importance, said Sven Heinemeyer, a scientist at the Institute for Theoretical Physics in Madrid who is not part of the CDF. “Higgs fits in well with the already recognizable image. This could be a new place to go.”
This discovery comes at a time when the physics team is craving faults in the permanent form of particle physics, equations that have long dominated all the well-known components. The fixed color is known to be incomplete, leaving a few large unidentified secrets, such as the color black. The strong history of the CDF alliance makes their new findings dangerous to the common race.
“They have made hundreds of beautiful scales,” said Aida El-Khadra, a clinical scientist at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. “They are known to be careful.”
But no one is producing champagne here. Although the new W mass measurement, which is only taken, differs significantly from predictions, other W mass measurements have produced very few (albeit inaccurate) results. In 2017, for example, an ATLAS experiment at Large Hadron Collider in Europe measured the amount of W particles and found that the hair was much heavier than the color claims. The conflict between CDF and ATLAS shows that one or both groups neglected the obvious in their experiments.
“I want to confirm and understand the differences between the previous experiments,” said Guillaume Unal, a scientific scientist at CERN, a laboratory affiliated with Large Hadron Collider, and a member of the ATLAS trial. “W boson should be the same on both sides of the Atlantic.”
“It is a huge undertaking,” states Frank Wilczek, a Nobel laureate at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, “but it is very difficult to figure out what to do with it.”
The W bosons, along with the Z bosons, represent the weakest force, one of the four most important celestial bodies. In contrast with gravity, electromagnetism is a powerful force, the weak force does not push or pull so hard that it turns heavy objects into light objects. Muon decomposes by chance into W boson and neutrino, for example, and W then becomes an electron with another neutron. Changes in subatomic shape cause radioactivity and contribute to sunlight.
Various tests have measured the number of W and Z bosons over the last 40 years. The W boson quantity has been a very attractive target. Where microscopic particles are only to be measured and accepted as environmental facts, W mass can be identified by combining other quantitative measurements into similar species.